Once you start a garden, you need plants to fill it so that you can move on to caring for them. The act of picking plants is easy since you just identify what you need and take it to your garden for growth. However, getting wrong plants in your garden will surely lead to problems. You may end up with a clattered garden that does not offer its intended functional benefits.
Your plants may be too competitive and take all nutrients leading to a dead garden in a few months. They may lose their ability to survive because of harsh environmental and weather conditions in your area. This guide will teach you how to choose the best plants for a home garden. Read it in full and understand some of the perils of putting the right plant in the wrong place or failing to consider space issues in your garden.
1. Estimate the size of your garden
When you are gardening, you need to check the size you have so that you only put plants that will stay within the space. Look at space in three dimensions. You have the depth of the dirt or medium you are using to grow your plants, and it serves as the available space for supporting plant roots. The height is also a space worth considering because it represents the opportunities available to your plants vertically. You should also look at the length and width of your garden. Some gardens will have irregular shapes. You may pay attention to this limitation when you are shopping for plants.
2. Understand the garden’s water retention rate
Knowing the water retention capacity of your soil helps you select the right plants. Clay soils and other similar textured soils will hold water longer than sandy soils. Thus, you may need to plant things that will not be so water hungry when you have sand. Rocky surfaces also increase the sipage of water and make soil less capable of retaining water. Some flowers are very water sensitive. They require high levels of moisture on their roots. Therefore, you may plant them with their flower pots in your garden to help adjust them to your water conditions.
3. The type of plant
Three common plant types exist. These are annuals, perennials, and vegetables. The annuals take a year from germination to full growth. The perennials take more than a year to reach full growth while vegetables take a few months to mature. Annuals include cosmos, marigolds, sunflowers, and zinnias. Perennials include black-eyed Susans, coneflowers, pansies, daylilies, and phlox. Vegetables include lettuce, peppers, cucumbers, and tomatoes.
Plants also vary by their need for watering. Some of them want frequent watering while others do not. An additional condition specific to plants is the altitude and temperature or light requirements. Some plants thrive in long daylight hours while others want high altitude areas. Be sure to confirm these conditions for each plant you consider and match them with the support options available in your garden.
4. Desert versus grassland and forest plants
You can classify plants into three and consider them as suitable for your garden. Desert plants are those that tend to be succulent and thorny. They thrive under harsh conditions. Grassland plants are a mix of highlands and lowlands. They are mostly grasses with thin elongated leaves. Meanwhile, highlight or forest plants have large leaves and fast growth characteristics. These considerations help you decide the right plant for your garden based on your desired level of involvement when taking care of them, the look of the garden and the plant support features or the conditions available in your garden.